Old Spanish military compound, now used by the Moroccan military, Smara, occupied Western Sahara. MINURSO (United Nations for a Referendum in Western Sahara) vehicles in foreground. MINURSO was deployed by the UN in 1991 to organise and conduct a referendum to allow the people of Western Sahara to choose between independence and integration with Morocco.
A portrait of King Mohammed VI of Morocco looks down on a Saharawi man walking down the street in Smara, occupied Western Sahara - an example of a strategy to "Moroccanize" the territory.
Unoccupied settlement on the Dakhla-El Aaiun road, occupied Western Sahara. The Moroccan government sponsored the construction of settlements to encourage native Moroccans to emigrate to Western Sahara prior to the referendum in order to increase the likelihood of a pro integration vote. The strategy has been unsuccessful and the landscape is littered with unfinished projects.
Unoccupied house and playground on the Dakhla-El Aaiun road, occupied Western Sahara.
what is the conflict about, a pipeline going to the sea carrying phosphates.
The graveyard at Auserd refugee camp, Western Algeria.
Kori Montad Adi was born in the Aaiun town Hai Hayary in 1970. After the Moroccan invasion in 1975, Adi fled with his mother in 1976 to the Asmara Camp. Adii iwas laying bricks after his house was washed away in once every ten years rain storms.
A young teacher and her class, February 27th Camp, Tindouf, Algeria. Primary school education is taught by young, mostly female teachers and locally trained classroom assistants. Many students pursue secondary school education in Algeria or Libya and from there they may go on to universities in Spain or Cuba.
Abdel barka Abi Mohamed Nayem with his daughter, Barrakatu Abdel Barka. The family came from Bir an Zaren in the western Sahara.
Selma Mohammed Brahim, known as "Belga", El Aaiun Camp, Tindouf, Algeria. Belga is a well known Saharawi poet and puppeteer; poets are held in high regard in Saharawi culture. as poetry has historically been the primary vehicle for transmitting the culture, collective memories and values of this nomadic people.
Abdam Ely Omar, Chedid Landmine Centre, Tindouf, Algeria. Abdam lost his sight when his car hit a landmine. Western Sahara is divided between the Polisario Front and Morocco by 2,400 km of defensive walls known as berms, built by Morocco and fortified using anti-personnel and anti-vehicle mines. 10,000 Saharawi nomads live in mine-affected areas on both sides of the berms.
Yahfdu Mohamed Lamin (lying in Bed) was born in Saglia (Dry River) near Asmera in 1949. Lamin has been a refugee since Nov, 1975. Lamin was Injured by a landmine in 1984 while looking for wood for cooking.
Omar Hassena Ahreyem, Bilbao, Spain. Photographed in traditional Saharawi dress in front of the Guggenheim Museum, Omar received his degree in special needs education from the Universidad Pedagogica Felix Varela in Cuba and is now the director of a reform centre in the camps for children with behavioural problems.
Metu Sid Ahmed, Vittoria, Pais Vasco, Spain.Originally from Dakhla, Western Sahara, Metu is shown here holding her Spanish-born baby.
Cheikh Mohamed Said with his wife Salma Senhali, Fuertaventura, Spain. The couple were photographed on Europe's cult windsurfing beach, which is also the point in Europe that is closest to Western Sahara. They work in the tourist industry and are originally from Smara, Western Sahara.
Sidi Ahmed Baba was photographed in Barcelona's Parc Gruel at the Pedera Gaudi. Baba never lived in the camps and came straight from Dahla.